Here at LSE, students are researchers! The library works with classrooms to instill good research habits. We work hard to make sure students know how to access and use information effectively. We do this within the frame work of the Big6 and Super3.
The Big6 is an information problem solving process that enables students to solve any problem or handle any assignment or task. It consists of 6 components which are listed and explained below. When students learn to use the Big6 process in school, they are developing many life-long skills including finding and using information, synthesizing information, and evaluating themselves. It is important to note that the components need not be done in order. When working out a problem or working on a project, our natural tendency as human beings is to work through the process in a cyclical manner. Sometimes we go backwards, sometimes we skip around, sometimes we have to repeat components. It is important that children learn these not so much as "steps" but as "skills" that can be used at any time.
Most upper grades (3-5) here at LSE teach one or two Big6 units per year. (If your child/student is in Kinder, 1st, or 2nd grade, see the Super3 to the right.) However, the Big6 doesn't have to be used just in conjunction with big research projects. These are skills our students will use for the rest of their lives and that can be applied to any problem or task. To reinforce this, we can use the language of the Big6 when involved in everyday problem solving or when children are faced with a problem or task outside of school.
For more information, please visit the websites to the right. I highly recommend the book Teaching Information & Technology Skills: The Big 6 by Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz.
Big 6 Steps!
1. Task Definition
1.1 Define the problem.
1.2 Identify information needed.
2. Information Seeking Strategies
2.1 Determine all possible sources.
2.2 Select the best sources.
3. Location and Access
3.1 Locate sources.
3.2 Find information within sources.
4. Use of Information
4.1 Engage (e.g., read, hear, view)
4.2 Extract relevant information
5.1 Organize information from multiple sources
5.2 Present the result.
6.1 Judge the result (effectiveness).
6.2 Judge the process (efficiency).
The Super 3 is a problem solving process like the Big 6, but simplified to use with younger students (Kinder through about Second grade). There are only 3 steps (below) with a guiding question for each step. Just like with the Big 6, the Super 3 language should be used on a regular basis. These are not skills students will use only when doing a school project, but skills they will use on a daily basis throughout their life. In fact, you can use the language of the Super3 after reading most pictures books! Normally, the character faces a problem, plans somehow to solve it, perfoms an action to solve the problem, and then reflects on it somehow in the end! The Super3 really are everyday steps that students can use any time! Please see the links to the right for more information about making the Super 3 a process that kids use daily. These are great links with lots of good information.
The Super3 Steps!
What am I supposed to do?
What do I need to get the job done?
What do I want it to look like when I'm done?
I must locate the things I will need (books, websites, materials etc.).
I need to ask questions, read, and take notes.
I need to use the information I find to create something.
Did I do what I was supposed to do?
Am I proud of what I've done?
Is there something else I should do before I say I am done?
Introduce the Super3 A cool way to introduce the Super3 with dinosaurs!